Für Touristen sind die Salomonen eine einmalige Chance eine pazifische Insel ohne all die westlichen Resorts zu entdecken. Auf den Inseln Rennell und. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen. Auf den Inseln Guadalcanal einschließlich der Hauptstadt Honiara und Malaita besteht die Gefahr von kriminellen Übergriffen und Diebstählen.
Die Salomonen - ein unberührtes Südsee-ParadiesFür Touristen sind die Salomonen eine einmalige Chance eine pazifische Insel ohne all die westlichen Resorts zu entdecken. Auf den Inseln Rennell und. Von Honiara, der Hauptstadt der Salomonen auf der Insel Guadalcanal, heißt es, dass sich ihre Schönheit den Besuchern nicht auf den ersten. Die Salomon-Inseln oder Salomonen sind eine südöstlich von Neuguinea gelegene Inselgruppe im Südpazifik. Der gegründete Inselstaat Salomonen umfasst nur den größten Teil der Inselgruppe.
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However, the status of the three-year old political, economic, and security crisis in the Solomon Islands remains largely unchanged. The majority of lawless incidents are caused by police and militia bands seeking monetary compensation for their participation in police operations.
Because the government has occasionally met these demands, we expect the incidents to continue. Americans planning to visit the Solomon Islands should contact the U.
Consular Agent in Honiara or the U. All Americans in the Solomon Islands should register with the U. Consular agent in Honiara, as there is no U.
Embassy in the Solomon Islands. However, American citizens in the Solomon Islands with emergencies or needing updated security information may contact the U.
Alternatively, contact the U. There is a unicameral parliament of 50 members, elected for four-year terms. However, Parliament may be dissolved by majority vote of its members before the completion of its term.
Parliamentary representation is based on single-member constituencies. Suffrage is universal for citizens over age Each ministry is headed by a cabinet member, who is assisted by a permanent secretary , a career public servant who directs the staff of the ministry.
Solomon Islands governments are characterised by weak political parties see List of political parties in Solomon Islands and highly unstable parliamentary coalitions.
They are subject to frequent votes of no confidence , leading to frequent changes in government leadership and cabinet appointments.
Land ownership is reserved for Solomon Islanders. The law provides that resident expatriates, such as the Chinese and Kiribati , may obtain citizenship through naturalisation.
Land generally is still held on a family or village basis and may be handed down from mother or father according to local custom.
The islanders are reluctant to provide land for nontraditional economic undertakings, and this has resulted in continual disputes over land ownership.
No military forces are maintained by Solomon Islands although a police force of nearly includes a border protection unit. The police also are responsible for fire service, disaster relief, and maritime surveillance.
The police force is headed by a commissioner, appointed by the governor-general and responsible to the prime minister. On 27 December , the Solomon Islands Government took steps to prevent the country's Australian police chief from returning to the Pacific nation.
On 12 January , Australia replaced its top diplomat expelled from Solomon Islands for political interference in a conciliatory move aimed at easing a four-month dispute between the two countries.
On 13 December , Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare was toppled by a vote of no confidence in Parliament,  following the defection of five ministers to the opposition.
It was the first time a prime minister had lost office in this way in Solomon Islands. The Governor General appoints the other justices with the advice of a judicial commission.
Until September , it was one of the few countries to recognise the Republic of China Taiwan and maintain formal diplomatic relations with the latter.
A peace accord on Bougainville removed the armed threat, and the two nations regularised border operations in a agreement. In March , at the 34th regular session of the UN Human Rights Council, Vanuatu made a joint statement on behalf of Solomon Islands and some other Pacific nations raising human rights violations in the Western New Guinea , which has been occupied by Indonesia since ,  and requested that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights produce a report.
Although the locally recruited British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force was part of Allied Forces taking part in fighting in the Solomons during the Second World War, the country has not had any regular military forces since independence.
The police budget of Solomon Islands has been strained due to a four-year civil war. For local government, the country is divided into ten administrative areas, of which nine are provinces administered by elected provincial assemblies and the tenth is the capital Honiara, administered by the Honiara Town Council.
There are human rights concerns and issues in regards to education, water, sanitation, gender equality, and domestic violence. Homosexuality is illegal in Solomon Islands.
Bougainville is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago but politically part of Papua New Guinea.
The islands' ocean-equatorial climate is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of June through August is the cooler period.
Though seasons are not pronounced, the northwesterly winds of November through April bring more frequent rainfall and occasional squalls or cyclones.
The Solomon Islands archipelago is part of two distinct terrestrial ecoregions. Most of the islands are part of the Solomon Islands rain forests ecoregion, which also includes the islands of Bougainville and Buka; these forests have come under pressure from forestry activities.
The Santa Cruz Islands are part of the Vanuatu rain forests ecoregion, together with the neighbouring archipelago of Vanuatu.
Soil quality ranges from extremely rich volcanic there are volcanoes with varying degrees of activity on some of the larger islands to relatively infertile limestone.
More than varieties of orchids and other tropical flowers brighten the landscape. Mammals are scarce on the islands, with the only terrestrial mammals being bats and small rodents.
Birds and reptiles, however, are abundant. The islands contain several active and dormant volcanoes. The Tinakula and Kavachi volcanoes are the most active.
See also: Human rights in Solomon Islands. Scarcity of fresh water sources and lack of sanitation has been a constant challenge facing Solomon Islands.
Reducing the number of those living without access to fresh water and sanitation by half was one of the Millennium Development Goals MDG's implemented by the United Nations through Goal 7, to ensure environmental sustainability.
Nevertheless, one improvement is that those living with non-piped water has been decreasing consistently since In addition, the Solomon Islands Second Rural Development Program, enacted in and active until , has been working to deliver competent infrastructure and other vital services to rural areas and villages of the Solomon Islands,  which suffer the most from lack of safe drinking water and proper sanitation.
Through improved infrastructure, services and resources, the program has also encouraged farmers and other agricultural sectors, through community-driven efforts, to connect them to the market, thus promoting economic growth.
A tsunami followed killing at least 52 people, destroying more than homes and leaving thousands of people homeless.
On 6 February , an earthquake with magnitude of 8. At least nine people were killed and many houses demolished. The main quake was preceded by a sequence of earthquakes with a magnitude of up to 6.
Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. Only 3. Until , when world prices for tropical timber fell steeply, timber was Solomon Islands' main export product, and, in recent years, Solomon Islands forests were dangerously overexploited.
In the wake of the ethnic violence in June , exports of palm oil and gold ceased while exports of timber fell. Recently, [ when? This practice was originally stopped by the government in after international uproar over a shipment of 28 live dolphins to Mexico.
The move resulted in criticism from both Australia and New Zealand as well as several conservation organisations.
Other important cash crops and exports include copra , cacao and palm oil. In 4, tons of cocoa beans were harvested making the Solomon Islands the 27th ranked producer of cocoa worldwide.
In , tons of palm oil were produced,making Solomon Islands the 24th ranked producer of palm oil worldwide.
For the local market but not for export many families grow taro 45, tons ,  rice 2, tons ,  yams 44, tons  and bananas tons. In gold mining began at Gold Ridge on Guadalcanal.
Minerals exploration in other areas continued. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead , zinc , nickel , and gold.
Negotiations are underway that may lead to the eventual reopening of the Gold Ridge mine which was closed after the riots in Solomon Islands' fisheries also offer prospects for export and domestic economic expansion.
A Japanese joint venture, Solomon Taiyo Ltd. Though the plant has reopened under local management, the export of tuna has not resumed. Tourism, particularly diving, could become an important service industry for Solomon Islands.
Autonomiebestrebungen der nördlichen Salomonen und immer wieder aufkeimende bürgerkriegsähnliche Konflikte im Süden machen die Lage in beiden Teilen der Inselgruppe unberechenbar.
Der Tourismus auf den Salomon-Inseln ist deutlich unterentwickelt. Die Inseln sind Ziel von Individualtouristen, die in einem kleinen Paradies entspannen und tauchen wollen.
Auch für Kulturinteressierte gibt es auf den Salomonen viel zu entdecken. It was also claimed that this system was more consistent with the Melanesian style of government, however, this was quickly undermined by opposition to the constitution and the committee system by elected members of the council.
As a result, a new constitution was introduced in which established a standard Westminster form of government and gave the Islanders both Chief Ministerial and Cabinet responsibilities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Former protectorate of the United Kingdom. For the current independent state, see Solomon Islands. Flag — Badge — ANU Press.
Retrieved 3 February Relations With the Solomon Islands". National Library of New Zealand. Australian National University Press.
Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia — Retrieved 21 July Axis History Forum. Retrieved 8 June Social Policies in Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
The Commonwealth Secretariat. Tautu Studies. Britain and Australia in the South Pacific, —60". The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History.
Squad size: 22 Average age: Squad of Solomon Islands. Choose year Phillip Mango. Timothy Mae'arasia. Desmond Tutu. John Aeta.
Hadisi Aengari. Michael Boso. Andrew Rarangia. Emmanuel Poila. Boni Pride. Allen Peter. Patrick Taroga.